Tuesday, June 2, 2020

Without Volunteer Firefighters or a Community Emergency Response Team the LMRFD is Screwed...

I see Chief Winn is working on how our fire district can survive by looking at additional funding. I hope we finally have a fire chief with the best interest of the community in mind. 

It's easy to run calls and post pictures, it's a lot more difficult to actually manage a fire district. I hope Chief Winn understands how desperately we need volunteers in Dolan and Meadview. It doesn't matter if they answer the phones, do follow ups on illegal burns, whatever. 

What we really need is a local well trained Community Emergency Response Team to assist the citizens in our fire district during emergencies. 

Mohave Valley, Bullhead City, Lake Havasu, and Needles California all have CERT teams. 

Why do we need a CERT Team? Because if we have a major earthquake or other disaster where roads are damaged and travel isn't possible we will LITERALLY ONLY HAVE the TWO FIREFIGHTERS on duty. 

In a major disaster cell phones and emergency services repeaters will be down. 
The LMRFD will have no way to gather damage or casualty assessments. 
No way to tell outside agencies how many injured or dead we have. No way to tell outside agencies how many structures are damaged or destroyed.
No way to tell outside agencies what we need.... 

If you've been in the military or worked in emergency services you know how important communications are, especially when things go badly and you need help.

A fire chief needs to manage laws, rules, and regulations as well as the budget, equipment, personel, and communications. 
But in a disaster without personnel or communications he has nothing to manage, and our community LITERALLY HAS 

We need enough people interested in a CERT team, the support of our fire district and Mohave County Emergency Services would provide the CERT training.

A couple years ago several people from Dolan Springs took the CERT training in Chloride supported by NACFD.

At that time the LMRFD refused to provide support for a CERT team. I hope that has changed...

If nothing changes and we have no volunteers or a CERT team I'm going to look into annexing OUT of the LMRFD. 
It's impossible to cover the 144 square mile fire district and a 2200 square mile ambulance area with the SAME two firefighters.

People outside the fire district get the same services as taxpayers who support the fire district. I'm just tired of getting NOTHING for my tax dollars.

Learn more about Community Emergency Response Teams

More CERT Links

Mohave County CERT Program

City of Needles CERT

Saturday, May 30, 2020

Arizona Division of Occupational Safety and Health Problem at LMRFD Continues

I see volunteer's are responding to calls again, but with what training, and at what cost?

In his response to ADOSH on complaint# 1547941 former Chief Bonnee was untruthful in his response to the Arizona Division of Occupational Safety and Health.Former chief Bonnee told ADOSH 
"Our volunteers were not issued scba respirators at all our volunteers are strictly support when it comes to fires they change air bottles, pull hose and rehab our firefighters they have not been issued scba respirators of their own."

Most people know volunteers responded alone and with other volunteers on fires all last summer. Yet some local people continue to tell the bold faced lie that volunteers never responded to fires without paid firefighters. 

Radio dispatch recordings will easily prove who was responding to what calls, as well as all of pictures of volunteers out on fires. 

We should be able to look at the fire report required to be written on every fire call, but we can't because the volunteer's I'm aware of had never been trained on how to use the computer system so they could write reports on the fire they responded to. 

It appears that volunteers are still responding to fires in violation of ADOSH regulations. These violations can cost a lot of money when violated, but nothing close to the amount of the fines if a volunteer firefighter was injured or killed in violation of ADOSH regulations. 

I know we need volunteer's but if they're not trained properly or as you'll see below not even trained in the basics.

As far as I know the volunteers are not required to have even the basic FEMA courses required of all firefighters at all levels. 
Most can simply be taken online at FEMA's ICS training page for free. How can volunteer's respond if they're not even trained in the basic command system used at every call?

We need volunteers, but they must be trained properly. 

This is a list of the required training I received at NACFD as a volunteer..

Hours        Completed         Course
80                    X                                 Nationally Certified Emergency Medical Responder
8                      X                                 Standard First Aid/CPR/AED
4                      X                                 BLS Provider American Heart Association 
3                      X                                 Incident Command System I-100
3                      X                                 National Incident Management System N-700
16                    X                                 Hazardous Materials First Responder-Operations
8                      X                                 Hazardous Materials First Responder Operations Decon
6                      X                                 Hazardous Materials First Responder-Awareness
2                      X                                 S-110 Basic Wildland Fire Orientation  
16                    X                                 S-130 Firefighter Training (Classroom)
8                      X                                 S-130 Firefighter Training (Field/Practical)
1                      X                                 L-180 Human Factors in the Wildland Fire Service
4                      X                                 S-190 Introduction to Wildland Fire Behavior
8                      X                                 Type 6 Engine Operations
7                      X                                 Exterior Structural Firefighting
2                      X                                 District Orientation/SAFETY
Training at Station 31
2                      X                                 EVOC Emergency Vehicle Operation

Training at Station 35
2                      X                                 Incident Rehab 2 Water Tender Operations
2                      X                                 Emergency Communications
Training at Station 33
2                      X                                 Wildland Fire Orientation 11/18/17 

Monday, May 25, 2020

Mission Critical Communications will depend on interoperability between land mobile radios (LMR) and LTE cellular networks

Interoperability, the ability to link two-way radio systems and the cellular network is key for the mission critical communications first responders require today.

Two-way radio repeaters are few and far between because of costs. The coverage of two-way radio repeaters are designed for specific agencies to cover specific areas. The ability to link these two-way radio systems with the cellular network during emergencies expands the range of the two-way radio system to that of the cellular network.

The ability to link two-way radio systems and the cellular network allows interoperability between agencies. 

The ability to link smartphones to two-way radio systems in minutes with range limited only by the cellular system. 

For personal use or smaller agencies with limited budgets can find alternatives to expensive equipment on eBay. 

For $5.00 on eBay you can get a Bluetooth shutter button for cameras. It can also work as a PTT button for your smartphone for walkie-talkie apps like Zello or HT by DWP turn smartphones into two-way radios.

Zello or HT by DWP  These apps can also connect you to the internet allowing you to link your two-way radio system. Linking your radio system can turn every smartphone on the system into a two-way radio. 

You can add people to your radio network without time consuming reprogramming. They allow you to create new secure channels on the fly adding or removing agencies or people as needed.

Ham Radio Operators
Ham radio operators are always experimenting with new equipment and technologies. One of today's new technologies is RoIP Radio over Internet Protocol. RoIP allows the linking base radios, repeaters, mobile radios, and hot spots over the internet to expand communications abilities.

New radios like Vero's VR-N7500 have the ability for Internet linking, but also use Bluetooth 5.0 to control the radio from an app.  

The image on the right shows one of the 16 channel frequency banks of the VR-N7500

Digital Hotspots for DMR
These hotspots allow you to connect your base, mobile, or handheld radio to the internet. Add a data connection to your tablet and you have mobile DMR access to the world... 

Saturday, May 23, 2020

Chief Bonnee's Charges Dismissed? I really don't know what to say, so PLEASE read the police report and decide for yourself...

When I read this I was just amazed for a number of reasons, the least not being the police report reads like the definition of domestic violence.

The sheriff's office did their job on this one, but the court decision just baffles me. I really don't know what to say, so PLEASE read the police report and decide for yourself... 

This is the Mohave County Sheriff's Report on the Bonnee arrest
As you read this please remember this is a 17 year old boy against a 6' man who weighs 350 pounds or so. 

Friday, May 22, 2020

According to FEMA Effective Communications is the Greatest Logistical Problem During an Emergency Event

FEMA tells us effective communications is the greatest logistical problem during an emergency event!

Yet the LMRFD has no emergency communications plan and no people trained in emergency communications.

In a major disaster or man made event without the ability to assess our needs and tell the outside world, we're screwed....

When repeaters and cell phones go down the LMRFD will lose all communications between the fire stations in Dolan Springs and Meadview without backup communications.

Sample Emergency Communications Plan

Nobody Should Die Alone....

Kim Devine said on Facebook we should start a private fire department using the station on 19th and let people decide where their tax money goes. 

Not a bad idea, but we don't need a "fire" department, we need  EMS people. Truth is 80% of our calls are medical calls and not fires. When there is a structure fire because of response times and limited manpower they're not going to save your home, they're going to save the home next door. 

What do we need in my opinion?

It would be great to have paramedics in every neighborhood with an 8 minute average response time, but we can't. If you check the survival rate of patients treated by a paramedic and an EMT are about the same. The paramedic survival rate a little better in cardiac arrest, and EMT survival rate a little better in trauma. I assume the paramedic cardiac survival rate relies on rapid response that we don't have. One thing I beleive is nobody should die alone....

We need people trained in patient assessment to respond from home and assess the patient in a reasonable time. They don't need to be an EMT or a paramedic they just need to be trained to assess the patient and report what they find.

Take the patients blood pressure, it's not rocket science. Take their pulse, is it regular or irregular? Again not rocket science. Look at the patient's pupils, are they equal? Do they react to light?

Changes in EMS....
What an EMT or paramedic can do in an emergency and what a layperson can do hasn't caught up with changes in the law.  

There are so many things a layperson with proper training can do today to help someone in a medical emergency. In Arizona a layperson can give Narcan a medication that can reverse an opioid overdose in minutes. A layperson can also give Epinephrine in case of anaphylactic shock from a nut or other allergic reaction.

During my CPR class and my EMR training we were told over and over if you're a paramedic, EMT or EMR and stop at an accident or medical emergency off duty to ONLY do first aid and not use any of your skills above that level.

Sadly the paramedics who did the training didn't know that Arizona had passed a Good Samaritan Law some time back. The law is pretty specific that anyone including EMTs and paramedics who render aid are protected unless guilty of gross negligence.

I often wonder how many serious accidents these guys had driven by thinking this was true.... 

32-1471Health care provider and any other person; emergency aid; nonliability
Any health care provider licensed or certified to practice as such in this state or elsewhere, or a licensed ambulance attendant, driver or pilot as defined in section 41-1831, or any other person who renders emergency care at a public gathering or at the scene of an emergency occurrence gratuitously and in good faith shall not be liable for any civil or other damages as the result of any act or omission by such person rendering the emergency care, or as the result of any act or failure to act to provide or arrange for further medical treatment or care for the injured persons, unless such person, while rendering such emergency care, is guilty of gross negligence.

All I hear from paramedics around here is "you can't do that". I'm sorry but in a rural area like ours we need to do, what we need to do, in order to save a live without waiting an hour for help to arrive. 
Nobody should die alone....

When your life is in danger you really don't care if it's a hillbilly in a pickup truck or a paramedic in an ambulance that shows up, as long as somebody come to help. 

We need volunteers to respond from home and do rapid patient assessment. If you can have a medical helicopter in route so transport times are less than ground transport, that makes sense.

All too often our EMS people call a medical helicopter that will take over an hour to arrive, load, and transport the patient to Las Vegas when KRMC in Kingman is 30 minutes away. 

This doesn't make sense unless the patient needs a level one trauma center. Truth is KMRC can handle most patients. It's faster transport, better patient care, and  keeping thousands of dollars in the community rather than send it to Vegas.

Thursday, May 21, 2020

What You Need to Know About Bluetooth 5.0 and Public-Safety Communications

Public Safety Advocate: Bluetooth 5.0, Public-Safety Communications Report Card
Bluetooth, developed by Ericsson and named for a Danish Warlord, has become a part of almost every wireless device. Originally, Ericsson determined it could not successfully introduce Bluetooth on its own so a deal was worked out with Intel and the first U.S. demonstration took place on December 7, 1999. I attended this demonstration and predicted Bluetooth would be a success. The interesting aftermath was that Intel decided Bluetooth would not be a significant new source of revenue and basically gave the technology to the industry. Today, Bluetooth is overseen by an industry organization with a huge number of member companies, all of which contribute to revisions of the technology. 
The premise then and now is for Bluetooth to be a short-range audio connection between devices. Most of us use Bluetooth today with Bluetooth ear buds, Bluetooth speakers within 100-150 feet of an audio source, and much more. Bluetooth also found its way into public-safety communications and today it is built into many Land Mobile Radio (LMR) and FirstNet (LTE) devices. Motorola employs Bluetooth to provide connections between its APX portable radios and LEX LTE device to enable a single device to control both the APX and LEX via a Bluetooth connection.
Enter Bluetooth 5.0
There have been a number of major upgrades since the introduction of Bluetooth. The latest and perhaps most relevant to the public-safety community was the Bluetooth organization’s release of Bluetooth 5.0 in 2016. Bluetooth 5.0 contains a number of revisions that are well-suited for the public-safety communications market. First, the range of a 5.0 device is said to be up to 800 feet, compared to 150 feet for earlier versions. Bluetooth 5.0 can also be used in a mesh network, which is described as:
“A mesh network (or simply meshnet) is a local network topology in which the infrastructure nodes (i.e. bridges, switches, and other infrastructure devices) connect directly, dynamically and non-hierarchically to as many other nodes as possible and cooperate with one another to efficiently route data from/to clients.” Mesh networks are self-creating and self-healing which means that as nodes are added or lost, the network reconfigures itself and continues to operate. This is of value mostly in the Internet of Things (IoT) world of public safety devices but could play different and interesting rolls going forward.”

Saturday, May 16, 2020

Nobody Likes Me, Everybody Hates Me, I Think I'll Eat Some Worms!

Well it didn't take long for the LMRFD board to hire Steve Wynn as the new interim fire chief or for the new interim chief to make changes many people aren't happy with, especially in Meadview.

As far as I know the new interim chief was hired without the opening being advertised anywhere. Where do these guys come from, who told them, why couldn't anyone else apply?

Another person with far more experience and ability to do much of the training needed for volunteers did approached the board about the interim chief position. We'll never know why they didn't look at him.

I doubt the board is going to advertise the opening for a full time fire chief, they didn't last time when I wrote this May 2019 blog post "I Know We Can Find a fire Chief Here Are the Requirements for Fire Chief"

In the past when I ask why the LMRFD doesn't advertise nation wide for firefighters, I was told nobody want's to work here, nobody want's to move here. 

I'm Tired of Hearing Poor Dolan Springs, Nobody Likes Me, Everybody Hates Me, I Think I'll Eat Some Worms! 
It looks to me like people do want to move here. There's over 15 new mailboxes at 9th and Pierce Ferry alone. We have great weather and lot's of recreational areas.

These part-time firefighters live and work in other fire districts. So we have a fire chief who doesn't live here, hiring his buddy firefighters who don't live here part time so they can make extra money.

From what I'm told Meadview will no longer have coverage and Mike Pettway the only firefighter who actually lives in the fire district is being "asked" to retire. Once Mike is gone we're screwed in a major event affecting the region like the recent earthquake near Reno, where roads and buildings are damage, who ya gonna call?

Where do you think the loyalty of these part time guys will be? In the town where their family lives and they work full time, or Dolan and Meadview? In a major event we might have the two part time firefighters on duty at the time. 

Earthquake Map

Paramedic has NOTHING to do with someone being a fire chief. I am so tired of being told BS and rumors  rather than laws, rules, and regulations.

Just like Tim telling us EMR's can't drive the ambulance, this was BS too.

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

Local GMRS Emergency Communications Net

I'm turning my GMRS (General Mobile Radio Service) repeater back on here in Dolan Springs. It a UHF repeater that covers from MP20 to MP52 on US93 and 15th or so to the mountains to the west.

I'm looking for a few people interested in a holding once a week emergency communications net, or EmComm net. 

Unlike ham radio that requires studying and taking a test. To get a GMRS license you fill out the application on the FCC web page, pay them $70 for the 10 year license, and within days you have your call sign. 

An EmComm Net is a gathering of people with a common interest in emergency communications who meet on the air to check the condition of their equipment and availability of stations in an emergency.

The MyGMRS web page has listings of available repeaters by state and more info on GMRS


Welcome Steve Winn the New LMRFD Fire Chief

Steve Winn was appointed as the new LMRFD Fire Chief. 
I don't know Steve but I hope we make him feel welcome in his new job as fire chief.

I would hope he continues to use volunteers in various roles within the fire district. The volunteers have provided a valuable service to the community, and I hope Steve continues this and expands volunteers into some type of EMS program as 80% of calls are medical and not fire calls.

Welcome Chief Winn

Monday, April 27, 2020

Standard Newspaper Dolan Springs fire chief arrested, charged with domestic violence

DOLAN SPRINGS – A tiny fire district headquartered in the rural community of Dolan Springs is under new leadership while its fire chief has been suspended following his arrest. It was announced late Monday morning that firefighter/paramedic Steve Winn is serving as acting Chief of the Lake Mohave Ranchos Fire District (LMRFD).

Sunday, April 26, 2020

I Don't Have a Personal Problem with Chief Bonnee, I Have a Professional Problem with Chief Bonnee

Some people have said I have a personal problem with Chief Bonnee.I don't. I have a professional problem with Chief Bonnee.

I'm sorry for the family problems Chief Bonnee is suffering at this time. It's sometimes difficult to deal with family and tempers can flair. I hope Chief Bonnee and his family solve their problems in a timely manner. 

I don't like that Chief Bonnee makes decisions based on personality rather than training and experience or the law, but I don't dislike Chief Bonnee.

Chief Bonnee on Administrative Leave after Arrest

Chief Bonnee on administrative leave after arrest for assault, disorderly conduct, and domestic violence LINK to Minutes

Saturday, April 25, 2020

Fire Chief Tim Bonnee Arrested for Assault Disorderly Conduct Domestic Violence

Fire Chief Tim Bonnee was arrested for Assault, Disorderly Conduct, and Domestic Violence on April 23rd 2020

I just added
Arizona Court Record on arrest 04/25-2020 
Mohave County Jail Roster 04/25-2020 

Timothy Dean Bonnee
Arizona Court Record 

MCSO Jail Roster 04/25-2020 
Timothy Dean Bonnee

Friday, April 24, 2020

Are LMRFD Ambulance Crews Fudging Response Times?

R415 the LMRFD ambulance was paged for a call around 06:12 this morning. The Dolan station crew advised they were in route at that time. 

I was sitting on the front porch drinking my morning coffee, so I thought the ambulance would go by in a minute or so since I'm just a mile from the fire station. 

I sat there drinking my coffee and nothing, minutes went by and nothing. I went and made another cup of coffee and returned to the porch. Still nothing so I figured I missed them going by and continued to sit there watching a pair of hawks nesting in our tree. 

I was surprised to see the ambulance going by mile post 4 on Pierce Ferry at 06:24. If they were in route at 06:12 why did it take them 12 minutes to drive one mile?

In Route means the station doors are open and you're actually responding, not that you're just rolling out of bed and you'll get dressed and get going when you feel like it.

The Emergency Medical Services & Trauma System uses the data they receive from dispatch logs to judge EMS response times including the time it takes to get dispatched and the ambulance response times.

I understand we live in a rural area but the average EMS response time in the US is 7 minutes. In rural areas the median response time is 14 minutes from 911 call to arrival on scene. 

The fact it takes the LMRFD ambulance crew 10 minutes just to leave the fire station is unacceptable. 

Brain death occurs at about 6 minutes in a cardiac arrest. With the LMRFD crews taking 10 minutes to leave the fire station if you had a heart attack nextdoor at the Chamber of Commerce you'd be dead by the time they arrived only a few feet away.

Emergency Medical Services Response Times in Rural, Suburban, and Urban Areas

Emergency medical service units average 7 minutes from the time of a 911 call to arrival on scene. That median time increases to more than 14 minutes in rural settings, with nearly 1 of 10 encounters waiting almost a half hour for the arrival of EMS personnel. LINK

Thursday, April 23, 2020

Chief Bonnee Says We Don't Need Ham Radio Operators for Emergency Communications

Chief Bonnee says we don't need ham radio operators for emergency communications

Mohave County Emergency Services Thinks Differently 
Mohave County's Ham Radio License WC7AAQ

Sunday, April 12, 2020

There's shortage of volunteer EMS workers for ambulances in rural America

NBC News Article 

We live on the most dangerous section of the most dangerous highway in America

It's not uncommon for the LMRFD ambulance to take over an hour to respond. The golden hour to get a patient to the hospital is stretched to it's limit here. 

From the NBC News Article 
  “As the population in these communities shrinks, you’ve got a finite pool of people who are willing to volunteer,” said Wayne Denny, chief of Idaho’s Bureau of Emergency Medical Services and Preparedness.

EMS volunteer work requires hours of initial training that costs hundreds of dollars, even at the most basic levels. In North Dakota, for example, emergency medical responders need 50 to 60 hours of training to learn how to drive an ambulance and assist with basic CPR and first aid. Those classes can cost at least $600, which must be shouldered by the unpaid volunteer.

Inside the collapse of America's emergency medical services.

Thursday, April 2, 2020

I'll bet Chief Bonnee $100 that his lack of knowledge in communications puts us all in danger

I'll bet Chief Bonnee $100 that his lack of knowledge in communications puts us all in danger and I can prove it if the fire district will send a verification email.

A fire chief needs to have knowledge in a vast number of areas besides firefighting and EMS, especially how communications systems work.

One of Chief Bonnee's main concerns should be communications, especially communications during a major event when cellular systems are overloaded. 

Without communications the fire trucks and firefighters are very limited on what they can do. Their radios would only work radio to radio, basically line of sight without mountain top repeaters.

Without someway to gather information on damages ,who's sick or injured and need help and then disseminate that to outside agencies, so we can't get that help.

It doesn't take much to overload a cellular systems because they're built for normal daily traffic, an earthquake in California or bridge collapse like in Minnesota quickly overloaded their cellular systems making them worthless for first responders. 

BUT the government does have priority phone access for public safety agencies. 

When Chief Bonnee first took over I asked if the station phone and cell phones used by firefighters were registered with WPS the Wireless Priority Service. He ignored me like he did with most communications problems I spoke to him about. 

I'll bet Chief Bonnee $100 that he didn't register his cell phone with the Wireless Priority Service. 

That means in a major disaster rather than having priority access to the cellular system, his chance of making a call on an overloaded system is the same as yours, slim to none...

We Can't bet Lives on an Inexperienced Fire Chief

Monday, March 30, 2020

I rarely talk about this to anyone…. PTSD

I know I don't attend gatherings in Dolan and didn't hang around the fire station after calls and training. 
I hope this explains why. I tried to tell Chief Bonnee, he said he totally understood and then complained that I didn't hang around the station.

This is a copy of a message sent to Chief Bonnee

Jay Fleming leapspeaker@gmail.com

Oct 16, 2019, 5:45 PM
to Chief

I rarely talk about this to anyone and don't want it getting around so I'm sending it to your 
personal email


I rarely talk about this to anyone….
I’m sorry I don’t hang around the station when we have training. 
Working undercover as long as I did really screws up your ability to get close or 
trust anyone. I don’t know how to explain it other than it’s a dirty business and what 
we do to people isn’t right. You get close to people and their family during long term
 operations. At the end when their whole life is destroyed it’s not anger in their eyes, 
its disappointment.

When I came out from undercover the shrink asked me if I thought anyone was 
watching me or wanted to hurt me… When I showed the newspapers he wrote this…

It just takes me some time…
Pend oreille MH Letter.jpg

timothy bonnee t_bonnee@yahoo.com

Oct 16, 2019, 7:48 PM
to me
I totally understand I have been diagnosed also with ptsd from my career I understand and I am ok
with it all just glad to have u volunteering for us thank you but I do know what it is like it’s hard for
me sometimes I have to leave and take a drive to meadview or around Dolan to escape it

Sent from my iPhone